In the addition to motion pictures many of the early nickelodeons featured illustrated songs: a baritone or lovely young soprano leading the audience in a sentimental or patriotic favorite while illustrative slides flashed on the screen. Many theatres also provided a lecturer to explain the films.
The Nickelodeon, October 1909:
“The Grand Theater, at Calumet, Michigan, is owned and operated by Messrs. Rice and Vogel. Mr. D. E. Rice being manager. It has a seating capacity of four hundred.
“The program, which is changed three times a week, includes two illustrated song singers and music by a four-piece orchestra. Mr. Rice personally explains each picture to the audience, and by good management and careful attention to detail has built-up a splendid year-around business. He receives many compliments from traveling men who have visited similar shows in other cities. The film service is furnished by the George K. Spoor Company of Chicago.”
George K. Spoor, film pioneer and one of the founders of Essanay Studios
Cezar Del Valle is available for theatre walks and talks in 2013.